The real Universe structure is “Cloud & rain model”.
All cosmos observation from the oldest to the latest are always in harmony with “Cloud & rain model”, while they are (many of the newest ones) giving mysteries with “The Bing Theory”.
The old conclusion that “the Universe expanding” base on almost all cosmos objects redshift (so it had defeated “Einstein Universe”, but saluted Einstein’s General relativity) isn’t accepted anymore now, because lately, we get many cosmos objects showing redshift with z value much greater than 1.
Any object moving with the speed “faster enough” than the light speed (starting from around 1 to 2 times the light speed, depend on angle of vector directions of the object and observer) will always indicate redshift, regardless the object nearing or receding the observer. Why? That is because on the above situation, the light of the object that arrives first to the observer is always the light that originates from the nearer position of the moving object.
But, there is complaint to the above statement! (and they surely get controversial explanation with objects having redshift z >1 in cosmos). The complaint comes from friends & comrades too tightly grasping “Einstein statement” regarding his “General Relativity” that matter can’t move faster than the speed of light. There must be a correction about this “matter movement speed limit”. “Einstein’s statement” (or Einstein’s expectation) above is almost correct. But, the true case is any “ordinary matter” can’t move in travel media faster than the speed of light.
When we talk about matter and space (travel media), there is one important thing that we must never forget! In our general situation, we face space and ordinary matter. Actually, in nature, both space and ordinary matter that we generally mean is one the same thing. There is only little different that is the concentration of “absolute space” & matter in it. “Absolute space” is the situation where matter = 0 in the space (travel media). Both space (travel media) and ordinary matter contain “absolute space” & matter. In the situation where we get “absolute space” = 0% and matter = 100 %, this object isn’t an ordinary matter. This object is a “compressed atom structure matter”. It happens when in atom of ordinary matter, electrons become one with atom nucleus, in such a way so there is no “absolute space” at all in that matter, or it gets “absolute space” = 0 %, while matter = 100 %. The “compressed atom structure matter” is only exists at extremely high pressure & temperature. Samples of “compressed atom structure matter” are black holes, dark matter, star nuclei, planet nuclei and “Universe nucleus”.
So, when we talk about: ordinary matter can’t move in travel media faster than the speed of light, it expresses that object with contains “absolute space” & matter, where “absolute space” > 0%, can’t move faster than the speed of light in travel media contains “absolute space” & matter. Any object where “absolute space” = 0 % or object of “compressed atom structure matter” undoubtedly can flit faster or much faster than speed of light. The logical explanation about this is the objects containing “absolute space & matter” travel on media containing “absolute space and matter” too. The larger concentration of “absolute space” inside the moving object, the larger that moving object gets resistance to travel through the travel media. Likewise, the larger concentration of “matter” in the travel media, the larger any moving object gets resistance to travel through. One simple sample of this case is that we need to hammer the nail to move inside the wood.
One concrete & important sample of the object that travels faster than the light speed can be read on the article: “Mystery object in Starburst Galaxy M82 possible micro-quasar”, (http://www.jb.man.ac.uk/news/2010/M82mystery/), as the follow ‘copy paste’: “The galaxy, known as M82, is 10 million light years away and is a stellar production line churning out new stars at a prodigious rate. However, many of these stars die quickly in huge explosions, with a new supernova explosion occurring every 20 to 30 years. “The new object, which appeared in May 2009, has left us scratching our heads – we’ve never seen anything quite like this before,” said Dr Muxlow. “The object turned on very rapidly within a few days and shows no sign of decaying in brightness over the first few months of its existence. The new young supernova explosions that we were expecting to see in M82 brighten at radio wavelengths over several weeks and then decay over several months, so that explanation seems unlikely.” The plausibility of a supernova explanation was further undermined when very accurate positional monitoring by the UK network of radio telescopes, MERLIN, tentatively detected a change in position for the object over the first 50 days. This was equivalent to an apparent superluminal motion of over 4 times the speed of light. Such large apparent velocities are not seen in supernova remnants and are usually only found with relativistic jets ejected from accretion disks around massive black hole systems.”
About this object can also be read at article: “Messier 82”, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messier_82).
“The Big Bang theory” is still gloriously flagging until now, mainly because it gets trapped in three cases belows:
1. Almost all sky objects indicate resdshift, while there was no indication for the existence of Universe’s nucleus at the center. Remember; several hundred years ago, our friends got trapped by simple watch that the sun encircles the Earth.
2. Since the very beginning, “The Big Bang theory” relies on “Einstein General relativity equation.” By setting “cosmological constant” as needed depending on any time progressive cosmic observation, it is assumed “The Big Bang Theory” synchronizes with that equation.
But we should never forget one significant point that “Einstein’s General Relativity” is only a mathematical equation. They are not a simple physics law. Mathematical equation of “Einstein General Relativity” is a product of processing of “physics laws composite” and attached parameters that are involved on certain case which we want to interpret.
Actually, when we want to apply certain mathematical equation against one case or event, we must get the right interpretation of its “macro pattern”. On cosmology about Universe’s structure, “The Big Bang Theory” has missed the most significant point that is the Universe having nucleus at center, and (respectfully) it has gravity and atmosphere.
3. “The Big Bang theory” gets trapped with “Einstein expectation” that matter can’t travel faster than the speed of light.