Cloud & rain model
Honestly, I must write thank “Fleetfoot on website Phys.Org” about this figure. Yes, apart from the situation that he and I have different idea about Universe’s structure, this figure is inspired by our scientific debate on article “Quasars: Mileposts marking the universe's expansion”.
Well, we watch almost all cosmos objects redshift, because:
1. Galaxies that physically spread away in cosmos mostly have low redshift which is around z < 2. On the contrary, dead galaxies/quasars which are flitting back towards “Universe’s nucleus” tend to have high redshift which is around z > 2.
2. Any object moving with the speed “faster enough” than the light speed (for around 1 to 2 times the light speed, depend on angle of vector directions of the object and observer) against observer, whether the object nearing or receding the observer, will always indicate redshift. Why? That is because on the above situation, the light of the object that arrives first to the observer is always the light that originates from the nearer position of the moving object.
An object that flits with the speed higher than the speed of light won’t get effect like sonic boom on supersonic aircraft travel, because there is significant different between the two events, supersonic aircraft and dying galaxies/quasars, that is the travel media. The aircraft that travels faster than the sound speed breaks through the sound barriers, the air. The air is a media that interacts with the sound wave. Since the source moves faster than sound waves it creates, it leads the advancing wavefront. This intense pressure wavefront will pass by a stationary observer before the sound it creates. That event creates the sonic boom at a distance before point X depending on the speed of supersonic aircraft.
At cosmos, dying galaxies/quasars that flit with the speed higher than the light speed break through the field of dark matter. Dark matter isn’t a media that interacts with light wave. It won’t influence the shift. We won’t watch and feel direct effect which dark matter gets. Nonetheless, if we do more detail of observation on that case, we will get significant increasing of CMBR at Milky Way instead of sonic boom.
Structure of the Universe
1. We at Milky Way will get cosmological observation, almost all cosmic objects redshift.
2. We will get cosmological observation that around 33.3 to 50 % of the highest redshift galaxies/quasars/cosmic objects are scattered around area N (area where we suspect as the area of “Universe’s nucleus). Any time, these objects will vanish from our observation, because they will sink back into “Universe’s nucleus”.
3. Around 50 to 66.7 % of the highest redshift galaxies/quasars/cosmic objects are spreading all over the cosmos apart from N area. This observation can reach about double of area around N, because: - before the object reach area around N, it has already got highest redshift. – possibility of double observation data of dying galaxies with their movement during flitting back towards “Universe’s nucleus”, due to those objects travel faster than light.
Any time, we also will get observation data that highest redshift objects at this part of cosmos vanish. And, if we are lucky enough, we will get a chance to witness the event of 2 highest redshift objects combining followed by vanishing from our observation. At the time friends at this planet have a chance to witness this case, please leave “The Big Bang theory” right away. Nevertheless, it is predicted this event takes relatively a long time for our age.
4. As a consequence of objects travel faster than light, we at Milky Way (MW) can watch a unique observation.
Scattered at ball surface with diameter MW-N, we can get observation of one object’s (galaxy/quasar) appearing from emptiness. Then, that object divides becoming two objects that move at opposite directions. One object will flit towards N (Universe’ nucleus) while another one will flit opposite it.
Objects that are suspected to represent this unique case are NGC 3314a & b NGC 3314b at Hydra constellation. Read more about this at: Chance Alignment Between Galaxies Mimics a Cosmic Collision, (http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2012/29/), NGC 3314: A Tale of Two Galaxies (http://amazing-(space.stsci.edu/resources/print/lithos/ngc3314_litho.pdf), NGC 3314, a pair of overlapping galaxies in Hydra, (http://annesastronomynews.com/photo-gallery-ii/galaxies-clusters/ngc-3314-by-martin-pugh/), Crash, bang... oh, wait: NASA captures two galaxies 'smashing into each other' - but actually they're separated by tens of millions of light years, (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2158696/NASA-captures-galaxies-NGC-3314A-B-smashing-other.html), NGC 3314, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NGC_3314).
Assume a dying galaxy/quasar flitting with constant speed start form Q toward N with speed 3 times the light speed, while MW just stationary over there. This is a simulation and simplification of the expecting event where MW drifts slowly on direction leaving N, while the dying galaxy/quasar flits far above the light speed with gravity acceleration from Q toward N.
Since the dying galaxy/quasar flits leaving Q to X1, we see nothing at all yet. That dying galaxy/quasar flits with the speed 3 times of the light speed. The light will arrive at MW when the galaxy/quasar arrives at X1. That time, we will watch the appearing of an objects at X. Then, that object divides becoming two objects that move at opposite directions. One object will flit towards N (Universe’s nucleus) while another one will flit opposite it. See! At this moment, the light that originates from that object, while it was on position Q, just arrives at Q1. On its travel from Q to X, we will get observation that the light which originates from its position at X arrives earlier than the light which originates from its position at Q.
That’s why we get the observation of 2 objects receding from each other, and both objects indicating redshift.